History of Street Painting
This page will continuously be updated with new links and information.
Anamorphic - producing, relating to, or marked by intentional distortion (as by unequal magnification along perpendicular axes) of an image <an anamorphic lens> Origin of ANAMORPHIC-New Latin anamorphosis distorted optical image. First Known Use: circa 1925.
Busker - A street performer.
Chalk - a prepared form of chalk or a material resembling chalk especially when used (as for writing on blackboards) as a crayon.
Grid Method - Laying of a grid over the original art, then scaling the grid up to a larger size, primarily to transfer an image to a much larger surface.
Madonnara/Madonnari - An Italian term for a street painter/chalk artist.
Pastel - an art medium in the form of a stick, consisting of pure powdered pigment and a binder.
Perform - To engage in any of the following activities on public property: playing musical instruments, singing, dancing, acting, pantomiming, puppeteering, juggling, reciting, engaging in magic, creating visual art in its entirety, or similar artistic endeavors.
Performer - An individual who "performs" on public property to provide public entertainment. Indicia of being a performer include, but are not limited to, setting up performance equipment; staging or orienting the performance towards the public; performing in the same location for an extended period of time; performing in the public for a over multiple days; seeking voluntary contributions through passing around a hat or leaving open an instrument case or other receptacle; and soliciting donations after a performance.
Quadratura - a term introduced in the seventeenth century, became popular with Baroque artists. Although it can also refer to the "opening up" of walls through architectural illusion, the term is most-commonly associated with Italian ceiling painting. Unlike other trompe-l'oeil techniques or precedent di sotto in sù ceiling decorations, which often rely on intuitive artistic approaches to deception, quadratura is directly tied to seventeenth-century theories of perspective and the representation of architectural space. Due to its reliance on perspective theory, it more fully unites architecture, painting and sculpture and gives a more overwhelming impression of illusionism than earlier examples.
Screever - A British term for a street painter.
Tempera - Water soluble paint, also known as egg tempera, is a permanent fast-drying painting medium consisting of colored pigment mixed with a water-soluble binder medium (usually a glutinous material such as egg yolk.
Template - usually made from large sheets of paper, with holes poked into it, so that chalk can be rubbed through the holes and onto the street.
3D - a three-dimensional form; also : an image or a picture produced in it.
We welcome suggestions & comments. Please send them to ISPS2012@aol.com.
Did you know...
Chalk has been used by burglars to mark homes to communicate about who lives in the house. Read about the signs and what they mean: http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/da-pinchi-code-burglars-use-2252905
Order your copy of the first book that covers the history of pavement art:
History & Articles
It started back around the 1500- 1600's. In Britain, artists were known as screevers, and started back around 1550. Their subjects were more based on the written word and political lampooning.
In Italy in the 1600's, artisans who had finished jobs in the great cathedrals, often took to the plaza in front of the church, and drew reproductions of the paintings inside. The public would throw coins at the artists as they worked, to show their appreciation. Many of the works were religious in nature, usually of the Madonna and child, thus the name Madonnara became the term used to describe this kind of artist in Italy.
This is a great article about 3D anamorphic art: Link
The madonnari are now in 3D
by Bruno Fabriani, ISPS member
Once upon a time artists, designers and were also almost gone. But now this kind of art seems to have found new ideas, new members and madonnari are back on the roads. In Italy, but also in the United States, there are festivals that welcome these artists from all over the world. There is one in Pasadena, California, in June, but there is also another in the East, in Sarasota, Florida. It's called 'Sarasota Chalk Festival', ten days for the 'festival of chalk.' In 2012 it began on October 28 as many artists arrived in the city of Florida overlooking the Gulf of Mexico. It was born in 2007, but has quickly become a point of reference for those artists that even in the United States are recognized as 'Italian street painting', Italian street painters, because the tradition of this art form so special is traced directly Italy.
In the U.S. they are called Street Painters, Chalk Artists, Sidewalk Artists, or Pavement Artists and the festival is held in Sarasota in South Pineapple Avenue in downtown, in the famous area known as 'Burns Square'. The event is organized by the Avenida de Colores Inc., a non-profit organization, made up entirely of volunteers who are dedicated to the art, appealing to children, students, adults: a party that lasts ten days and brings together artists, designers from all over the world. The Sarasota Film Festival and then theme this year was dedicated to 'Circus City, USA', in memory of the twenties when the city of Florida became the winter residence of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus. On the roads of Florida 250 artists expressed themselves in both traditional and 3D methods.
Kurt Wenner is one of the inventors of this new step into the future of an ancient art. Wenner, after attending the Rhode Island School of Design and the Art Center College of Design, he worked as an illustrator for NASA, then left in 1982 and he moved to Italy to indulge his passion for classical art. He lived in Rome where he studied and where he learned the art of madonnari to finance his travels, his studies. It soon became one of the most recognized artists, won awards in competitions for artists, designers and in 1985 his work has been the subject of a documentary called 'Masterpieces in Chalk', masterpieces in chalk. But it was in 1984 that Wenner invented the 3D applied to the works of the road and Sarasota has developed a three-dimensional drawing near-record. Following the theme of the Festival 2012, Wenner drew the characters while driving in the city of entry. The result is amazing even if you can focus on all the details you need to climb to a height of about five meters. The work of the American artist depicts the life of circus in the twenties between elephants, contortionists and also quotations of Renaissance art, which is his passion. "This work - he explained - has different geometry to the other, there is also a second level of art, the horizontal, suspended which gives the impression of a much bigger picture of what is in reality." Wednesday then Kurt Werner was sitting on the ground on the pavement, and could not be otherwise, along with dozens of other artists, designers, to talk about technique, discuss the use of chalk, speaking of shades and hues. But do madonnaro is a difficult and tiring.
Festival of Sarasota an American, Bryan Moon to complete its work, it took nearly two days, 40 hours, all bent on the pavement past eight cats to draw clothes as in the days of the Wild West. "It was hard work," he admitted once finally come to an end. But with the Americans arrived in Sarasota artists, designers from all over the world, starting with Italy, of course, the home of this art, then Japan, Brazil and other countries yet. "The artists - said Denise Kowal, founder of the Sarasota Film Festival - usually spend their time in the galleries, in this way, however, the public has the opportunity to see how it develops, how to proceed as you paint a work of art , the whole creative process from beginning to end. " (R.Zanni - The People of Italy)
History of Pavement Art - link to blog
Busking Goes Legit in Norfolk - link to article